January 03, 2016, Sunday, Downtown Portland Oregon:
We had quite a snowstorm this day, and four hummingbirds ended up sitting out the storm in my room.
This story actually began two days earlier, when a new female Annas Hummingbird came into my room through
the open window, and then couldn't figure out how to get back out. I always leave the lower-left window open a bit
so that hummingbirds can come and go as they please, but most of them find it a challenge to figure out
how to get back out. The logic is simple: they have to exactly retrace their path, going back out the
way that they came in, which is through the lower-left-hand window pane.
But they don't usually do that; they go to the brightest light, which is the upper-right-hand
window pane. So it's a puzzle for the hummingbirds to solve. I call it my Mensa Entrance Exam for Hummingbirds.
None of the females has figured it out, but the dominant male has. He has it down pat. He knows exactly how
to come in and go back out in mere seconds. And he does it often. Occasionally, I hear the whir of hummingbird
wings in my left ear while I'm typing on the computer, and I turn my head to find myself nose-to-nose with
a hummingbird. He is either saying hello, or more likely, informing me that I'm trespassing in his territory.
They are highly territorial, and he actually thinks that he owns my room. So he lets me know who is boss, and
then he zooms around the room, inspecting, then fills up at the feeder that is inside the room, and then goes
back out the window. He can do the whole routine in like fifteen seconds.
So this female came in, and couldn't figure out how to get back out. It took her some time.
I always keep a feeder inside the window, so that birds
who can't find their way out won't starve while they work on solving the puzzle.
She fluttered against the glass windows, and tried about every way except the right way.
The first night that she was in my room, I discovered that she was night-blind. When I turned off the lights,
she squeeked in distress and
fluttered against the walls and ceiling, and couldn't find a good place to roost and sleep. I had to turn the lights back on
and then slowly turn them off one by one, to give her the idea that the sun was setting and she should go to bed. I was surprised
at how much light she needed to see. Just one lamp didn't do it, she needed two before she stopped fluttering against the ceiling
in a panic. She finally got the idea that the sun was going down, so she went to the feeder for one last fill-up, and then went to
the clothes hangers that I hung from the curtain rod for her to roost on, and settled down, and then I turned off the last lights,
and she was okay.
The next day, she still didn't find her way out. It occurred to me that
perhaps I could catch her at night when she was asleep and put her in a box for safe keeping, and then put her out the
window the next morning when it was light.
No such luck. As soon as my hand came within one foot of her she flew.
She was not out cold and in a torpor, she was far more aware than I thought. So that didn't work.
(The reason for the box was because I didn't want to put her out at night when she was night blind.)
The next day, it snowed, so I stopped trying to get her out. She was better off inside. It was a good snowfall, and everything was
buried under snow. There was absolutely nothing for a hummingbird to eat except for the sugar in my feeders.
So all of the hummingbirds in the neighborhood ended up coming to my feeders to get something to eat.
The next hummingbird to come in was a small female juvenile. This one had hatched out last spring, and wasn't fully grown yet.
For some odd reason, the adult female who had been inside for two days immediately attacked her. I don't know why, perhaps she was in
a bitchy mood from two days of confinement. She was feeling a bit depressed, thinking that she would never get free, and maybe she
would die here alone. But rather than being happy to see another hummingbird, she picked on the child. So the child went and hid
in the house-plants that were next to the windows, and fluttered against the glass, trying to get out. That attracted the attention
of another male — not the regular dominant male of the neighborhood, but another male who wanted to take over the territory. He
had a real conniption, a regular hissy-fit, over seeing that child, and wanted to attack her and drive her away. I can only guess that
he wanted her gone because she was not his child. Now that shows a small brain: If he thought ahead, he could have said, "Not my child?
Well, I can keep her and raise her right, and next year she can be my wife." No such bright thoughts.
So anyway, there they were, the child trying to get out through the glass and the male trying to get in through the glass.
The red-headed hummingbird is a male on the outside of the window glass, who is angrily trying to get in.
The smaller green-headed hummingbird is a female child, who is trying to get out through the glass. The child is unaware
of the fact that the male is trying to get in to kick her ass and drive her away, because she is not his child.
This male is a different male who is trying to take over the territory — different from the dominant male who rules the roost here.
This guy is a would-be usurper.
I noticed that the dominant male was inside, sitting in a plant that was just inside the window. He sat in there for a while and
got warmed up, and then he said, "Well, I can't be dawdling all day. Got to go." And out the window he went. Two minutes later,
he was back, saying, "It sucks out there! Everything is buried under snow, and there is nothing to eat, and I'm freezing my tail off!"
So he sat in the house plant for a while, and got warmed up, and then he said, "Well, can't be dawdling all day. Got to go." And out the window he went. Two minutes later,
he was back, saying, "It sucks out there! Everything is buried under snow, and there is nothing to eat, and I'm freezing my tail off!"
He repeated that cycle three times, and then decided, "The heck with it, I'm staying inside."
So he flew into the center of the room.
Then he was able to see all around, and he saw that there was already another hummingbird in the room, sitting on a hanger up in the right-hand
corner. He made a bee-line for her. He charged straight at her. At that time, I wasn't sure whether she was a male
or a female, because you can't see the irridescent red or green heads if they aren't in bright direct light. But he was sure.
He charged right at her, and it looked like he was going to kill her. He chased her around the room, and I said, "Hey! No fighting!"
But fighting isn't what he had in mind. Their mating dance is high-energy aerobatics. The male does power dives and swoops and tight
turns around the female to impress her with how big and strong he is. The female avoids his charges and does a hard-to-get act, almost
as if she is challenging him, asking, "Can you outfly me?" They became like a couple of fighter planes in a dog-fight in a World War I movie,
looping around each other, but much faster. Speed up the film a lot. They can do two or three complete loops in one second.
They turned into a blur. And somewhere in that blur, he fucked her, in mid-air. Two minutes later, they were sitting on a hanger together, the
best of friends. They were petting and stroking each other, and fondling each other, and even kissing. Yes, they actually kiss.
They affectionately touched the tips of their beaks together. They carried on like that for hours, just two lovers wrapped up in each other.
Now here's the kicker: Here's the punch line: The next bird that came in the window was his wife. Yes, his mate from last year, with
whom he had a child. He just ignored her. He didn't attack her or drive her away; he still accepted her, and she could
still eat out of his flowers — or his feeders. He was just all enthused with his new love.
Now he seems to have two wives. One woman to whom I told this story quipped, "Oh, so he is a Mormon hummingbird, huh?"
Meanwhile, the juvenile was still hiding in the houseplants and trying to get out through the glass. I had put a tiny feeder down in there
with her so that she wouldn't starve, and she was eating out of it. Still, when it had been nearly an hour of her fluttering against the glass,
I decided that I wanted to get her out of there. It wouldn't be good for her to just flutter against the glass until she collapsed.
So I carefully, gently, caught her against the glass, and closed my hand around her, and pulled her out of there. She just froze in
fear. She sat motionless in my hand while I talked to her and told her that I wasn't going to harm her. She sat still for so long
that I got a picture of her in my hand:
The juvenile hummingbird, frozen in fear.
Then, when I was trying to gently roll her out of my hand and onto the stem of a poinsettia plant, she realized that I was releasing
her, and she flew out of my hand and up against another window. She clung to the middle of the window frame in fear. But she noticed
that other hummingbirds were flying back and forth to the feeder that was hanging inside, so she followed. And then went back to her
perch on the window. But she gradually calmed down and loosened up, and eventually really looked around, rather than just clinging
to the window in a panic. When she looked closely at the other hummingbirds, she suddenly cried out, "Mama!" and flew directly to
the wife who came in last. Yes, her mother was in the room. She attached herself to her mother, and clung to her mother
for security, and everything changed. Seeing her mother in the room alive and healthy lessened her fears, and she realized that
she wasn't in such a bad situation after all. She spent all day sitting by her mother, and cuddled against her mother at night
as they slept.
Her clinging to her mother even turned comical. As they were bedding down, the child came in for a landing, and landed right on
top of her mother, and knocked her mother off of her perch. The mother squeeked in protest, and flew back up to the hanger.
The next time, the child managed to land beside the mother without knocking her off. Then the two cuddled together and went to sleep.
It wasn't a coincidence that her mother was in the room. Hummingbirds are highly territorial. The male stakes out a territory,
and defends his plot of flowers. When he takes a mate, he allows her to eat out of his flowers. That makes it possible for her
to live and feed babies. The male contributes nothing else to the relationship. He does not help to build the nest, or feed the
youngsters. He just defends the territory and allows the female to feed in his territory.
When the babies fledge, the mother takes them around and shows them all of the good places to get food. That of
course includes my feeders. So both mother and daughter, and father, knew about my feeders, and they came to my feeders
to get something to eat when everything else was buried under snow. Then they came inside to get warmed up. And found each other.
While the mother is showing her baby around, when the mother and child run into the father,
the mother tells him, "This is your child, our child, so don't be attacking her."
The male says, "Oh, my child, huh? Okay." That explains why the dominant male did not attack this child and try to drive her away.
Something else that happened earlier, when the dominant male was going in and out and was outside, was that he saw the juvenile fluttering against
the glass, trying to get out. He knew exactly how to get in and out, so he didn't waste any energy trying to go through the
glass. He flew over to the open window and came inside, and then flew around the houseplants to where she was, and got in there and
took a good look at her. Then he said, "Okay," and turned his back on her and went back into the room. The reason that he didn't
attack her or try to drive her away like how the other male was trying to do is because he recognized her as his child.
The first female, the one who had attacked the child, never attacked the child again. Perhaps the child got a pass because she
was the daughter of the dominant male, or perhaps the female had just been in a crabby mood from two days of being confined alone.
Whatever the reason, her mood improved immensely after the male came in and romanced her and kept her company, and she didn't peck the child again.
She just peacefully joined the family, and there they all were: the dominant male and two wives and a daughter, one big happy family.
Four Annas Hummingbirds, three females and one male.
They are sitting in a plastic coat-hanger that is hanging from the curtain rod. Venetian blinds are in the background.
Hummingbirds are not usually social or flocking birds, but here they are hanging out together and keeping
each other company while sitting out the storm.
Mother and daughter hummingbirds. The mother is on the right.
And above, another is coming in for a landing.
Three female Annas Hummingbirds, sitting in a coat-hanger. The small child is on the left.
Three female Annas Hummingbirds
After the snow storm was over, it took two days to get all of the hummingbirds out of my room.
I opened the window wide, and slowly moved the feeder towards the opening, until it was right in front of the open
window. One by one, as the hummingbirds were feeding
at the feeder, they noticed that there was a big opening right beside them, and they gave it a try, and went on out.
I noticed that one of the females actually came back in and visited with another female who had not gotten out yet.
So at least one female has learned how to get in and out.